Osteoarthrosis of the Ankle of is the most common form of arthritis in the ankle and is also known as “degenerative joint disease”. Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage covering the bones and joints of the ankle begins to break down causing pain and inflammation in the foot or ankle. Most instances of Ankle Osteoarthritis are a result of a previous injury that may have occurred years prior. An injury can damage the cartilage or it can alter the mechanics of the ankle joint. When the mechanics are compromised it can accelerate the degenerative process.
Several factors can contribute to the likelihood of Ankle Osteoarthritis including, genetic predispositions, unhealed fractures and weight. There is no single test for Ankle Osteoarthritis. Diagnosis may include an evaluation of medical history as well as a physical exam. Depending upon the severity of the symptoms, X-rays and/or blood test may be needed to confirm Hip Osteoarthritis.
An important thing to note is that symptoms tend to appear in “flare ups”. This means that those with this condition may not have constant symptoms and may note “good weeks and bad weeks”. However, despite the ebb and flow of Ankle Osteoarthritis, the condition may still be progressing.
Signs and Symptoms of Ankle Osteoarthritis may include:
- Ankle or foot pain
- Change in gait and stride
- Limited range of motion
- Joint pain or swelling
- Pain during or after activity
- The feeling of bones “rubbing” together