The Achilles tendon is the longest tendon in the body and extends from the heel to the calf and provides the motion needed for walking and running. Achilles Tendonitis occurs when this tendon become inflamed or irritated and is most often caused by repetitive stress or strain.
Achilles Tendonitis is also a very common injury among runners who suddenly increase their running regimen or go from running on one surface to another. Other cases of Achilles Tendonitis are caused by a bone spur that forms on the back of the heel and irritates the tendon.
Achilles Tendonitis pain is generally a gradual and may progress from intermittent aches to persistent and chronic pain. One of the most effective ways to avoid this condition is to adequately stretch the muscles of the calf before any activity.
Signs and symptoms of Achilles Tendonitis can include:
- Pain or stiffness along the Achilles tendon
- Pain that worsens with activity
- Thickening of the tendon
- Bone spurs
- A protrusion along the back of the hell