Plantar fasciitis can cause inflammation and irritation of the plantar fascia, which is a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot. The plantar fascia is linked from the heel bone to the toes, supporting the arch of the foot and also plays a crucial role in daily activities. Plantar fasciitis is a leading cause of heel pain and discomfort, especially after long periods of rest or inactivity.
Plantar fasciitis develops when the plantar fascia undergoes repeated stress, leading to tiny tears in the tissue.
Some factors that contribute to the development of plantar fasciitis include:
- Overuse: Engaging in activities such as running, jumping, or even prolonged standing, can cause the plantar fascia to feel strained.
- Foot Structure: Having flat feet or high arches can alter the distribution of weight on the foot,
placing additional stress on the plantar fascia.
- Footwear: Wearing shoes with inadequate support can impact the development of plantar fasciitis.
- Age: Over time, the plantar fascia can lose elasticity and become less flexible, making it
more common in older people.
- Weight: Body weight can increase the stress that’s placed on the plantar fascia,
contributing to inflammation.
The symptoms of plantar fasciitis include:
- Heel Pain: Sharp or dull pain in the heel, often near the plantar fascia.
- Pain Upon Waking: Intense pain after taking the first steps in the morning or after periods of rest, which may gradually improve with movement.
- Pain with Activity: Pain that worsens during weight-bearing activities (walking, running, or standing for extended periods of time.)
- Stiffness: Stiffness and discomfort in the heel as well as the arch of the foot, particularly after resting.
- Tenderness: The affected area may be tender to touch or press.
- Gradual Onset: Symptoms usually develop gradually over time and may
be worse if not addressed properly.
- Painful Stretching: Pain when stretching the foot, such as by pointing the toes upward.
- Limited Range of Motion: Reduced flexibility and limited range of motion in the foot.